Faces of Indonesia

Yogyakarta

After a long land dispute dispute in 1755, Prince Mangkubumi established Yogyakarta in defiance of his brother, the Susuhunan of Surakarta; Mangkubumi, the Rebellious Prince built the 'Kraton' Palace and took the title of Sultan, and the name of 'Hamengkubuwono', literally 'the universe on the lap of the king'. Hamengkubuwono's reign flourished, creating the most powerful Javanese Kingdom since the 17th Century. His son, Hamengkubuwono II, however was not as competent; British rule during his reign saw much of the Kraton ransacked and Hamengkubuwono II exiled to a remote corner of his empire.



For the Javanese, Yogya remains a symbol of resistance to Colonial Rule- it was the Republic's capital in 1946, where under Dutch Rule, Indonesian Rebels used the Palace as an open haven to plot over their colonial masters. The Dutch were fully aware of the plotting behind closed doors at the Kraton, but were afraid to directly move against the Sultan, fearful of incurring the wrath of the Javanese people who viewed him as a God.

Now however, Yogya remains as a cultural stronghold, filled with the artifacts of an awe-inspiring era. The Sultan is still to be found in the Palace now open to visitors, surrounded by his traditionally garbed Court and Courtesans. If this is not enough, Yogya's cultural heritage makes it an excellent area to shop for antiquities and authentic Javanese crafts and jewellery.

Where to Eat

Simple, basic, delicious food in many styles and cuisines is available throughout Yogyakarta. All hotels offer the standard selection of western dishes but often out-do themselves with interesting variations on Indonesian cuisine. On the road to the airport, ayam Goreng Ny. Suharti is less a restaurant than a place of pilgrimage for fried chicken lovers, serving incomparable free-range chicken with rice. The Pesta Perak Restaurant serves a daily buffet of authentic Javanese fare, with or without hot spices. The legian Restaurant overlooking Jl. Malioboro is a charming second-storey garden restaurant serving steaks and chops at reasonable prices. Several tourist-oriented spots such as the Hanuman Forest Restaurant have cultural performances to complement their good-value western dishes. Visitors to Yogyakarta should not miss cross-legged on straw mats at night-time lesehan stall along Jl. Malioboro. As the food is prepared on open tables, sensitive digestive systems can be safeguarded by selecting a vendor who obviously maintains good standards of cleanliness and by drinking only bottled water, soft drinks without ice or hot tea.



Indonesian Cuisine
Pesta Perak
JL. Tentara Rakyat Mataram 8 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 563255, 566318
Sparta Steak House
JL. Timoho Raya 36, Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 515078
Pasific
JL. Magelang Km.5, Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 564191, 566806
New Asia
JL. Ring Road/Arteri Utara 177-A, Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 868053
European Cuisine
Valentino
JL. Magelang No.57, Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 588824
Gita Budana
JL. Solo No. 169 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 561164
Oshin Yakiniku
JL. Malioboro 53, Yogyakarta
Legian Garden
JL. Perwakilan 9, Yogyakarta
Sintawang
JL. Magelang No.9, Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 512901

Where to Stay

Two Star
Arjuna Plaza Hotel
Jl. P.Mangkubumi 44 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 513063, 561862
Fax: (0274) 581862
Rooms: 25
Class: **
One Star
Bakti Kasih Pundi Mas Hotel
JL. Sosrowijayan 33
Yogyakarta 55271
Phone: (0274) 514890, 513018
Rooms: 41
Class: *
Bakti Kasih Pundi Mas Hotel
JL. Sosrowijayan 33
Yogyakarta 55271
Phone: (0274) 514890, 513018
Rooms: 41
Class: *
Airlangga Guest House
JL. Prawirotaman 2 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 563344
Rooms: 35
Class: *
Ayodya Hotel
Jl. Sisingamangaraja 74 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 562274, 377723
Rooms: 25
Class: *
Dwipari Hotel
JL. Pajeksan 76-78 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 562813, 565060
Rooms: 30
Class: *

Getting Around

By Air:
There are several direct flights daily from Jakarta, Bandung, Surabaya and Bali. Night trains from Jakarta, though comfortable, arrive at inconvenient hours.

By Bus:
Luxury buses with hotel pick-up and drop-off services operate from Bali via Surabaya.

By Rail:
Fast, comfortable trains run from Jakarta through Yogyakarta to Surabaya. First or executive class service includes air-conditioning, airline-style seats and complimentary beverage and meal service. The night trains from Jakarta, though comfortable, arrive in Yogya in the early hours of morning while the dawn service arrives in the late afternoon.

Many sites of interest are easy walking distance from Jl. Malioboro, the main tourist area where several hotels are located. Otherwise, metered taxis and chauffeur-driven rental automobiles are abundant. The typically innovative Yogyanese tourist authorities have been teaching rudimentary English to pedicab a pleasant option for visiting most attractions. There is also the option to rent a bicycle, a nice way to see the sights at ones own pace. Numerous tour operators and rental automobile agencies organise transport to outlying temple sites at standardised rates

Activities


Traditional Ceremonies
From a historical point of view, Yogyakarta Special Region was formerly the centre of several kingdoms, respectively the Ancient. Mataram Kingdom during the Hindu period, the Mataram Kingdom during the Islamic period and the Sultanate of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat.

Sekaten
Sekaten ceremony is held yearly starting on the fifth day of the Javanese month Mulud. The ceremony takes the form of a sequence of celebrating the birth of Muhammad SAW the prophet.

People from Yogyakarta and villages around the city still believe that by celebrating Sekaten, particularly when listening to the sets of the Gamelan music, they will get reward from the God almighty, concerning their work, and their future.

Gerebeg Mulud
The climax of the Sekaten ceremony is called Garebeg Mulud. It is held on the 12th of Javanese month Mulud. This festival starts at 07.30 am local time preceded by a parade of the Palace Guard consisting of ten units, namely, Wirobrojo, Daeng, Patangpuluh Jogokaryo, Prawirotomo, Nyutro, Ketanggung, Mantrijero, Surokarso, and Bugis wearing their specific uniform. The parade starts from the yard of the northern Kemandungan of the palace, crosses the Sitihinggil the Pagelaran, and proceeds to the northern square.

According to the annual Javanese calendar, there are other ceremonies besides Garebeg Mulud, those are Garebeg Besar and Garebeg Syawal. Garebeg Syawal is held on the first day of Syawal, a Javanese month. It is held after the Ramadhan month of fasting. Garebeg besar is held on the tenth of Javanese month related to the Qurban Idhul Adha, the Moslem sacrificial day.

Tumplak Wajik
Tumplak wajik is held in the yard of Magangan Yogyakarta Palace at 4 pm, two days before the Garebeg ceremony. It. marks the beginning of preparing the food used to make the Gunungan. "Wajik" a delicacy made of sticky rice. Accompanying the ceremony "Kothekan" the orchestra plays by hitting various kind of wooden instruments, such as rice mortar, "Kenthongan" (barrel) which all present a very enchanting and melodious folk music.

Saparan
Saparan is an offering ceremony done by people in Ambarketawang, Gamping, some 6 kilometers from Yogyakarta. A long time ago, most people in Ambarketawang made their living by digging the limestone found in this area. According to research done by geologists, the lime stones hills are more than 50 million years of age. 'People believe that without bringing the offering, they may encounter difficulties and disaster. Although the hills have almost completely gone and only piles of limestone are left, the tradition of an offering still goes on in the second month of Javanese calendar, Sapar, hence the name of the ceremony "Saparan".

Starting very early in the morning, hundreds participate in a folk art festival and procession. The climax of ceremony takes place at 02.00 pm, when a couple of "Bekakak" bride and a bridegroom dolls made of sticky rice filled with brown sugar syrup, are beheaded after being carried in a procession, escorted by traditionally uniformed guard and people carrying offerings.

Labuhan (Offering Ceremony)
Labuhan ceremony is held to celebrate the birth of Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono. "Labuh" in Javanese means throw something sacred to a river of the sea. The offering from the Yogyakarta palace consists of food, cutting of fingernails and hair Sri Sultan which is thrown to the South Sea of Indian Ocean. The offering is intended to be presented to the Goddess of the South Sea, Kanjeng Ratu Kidul. It is hoped by performing the ceremony the King and the people of Yogyakarta get their welfare. The same ceremony is also held on the top of mount Merapi and lawu.

The Cultural Performances
As the cradle of Javanese culture Yogyakarta show its potencies as a cultural and art educational centre because of its rich history in the art of dancing.

At first, the various art forms were only practiced within the Kraton, but eventually spread among the wider layers of society with the result that various art groups were formed- because of the presence of the Kraton (the Sultan's Palace), Yogyakarta became the centre of flourishing Javanese art, which helped to spread its fame Yogyakarta offers besides formal art education also informal art education, at several place such as "padepokan", studios, atelier, etc. The best known are: Siswo Among Bekso, Padepokan Seni Bagong Kussudiardjo, Pamulangan Bekso Ngayogyakarta, Wisnu Wardhana theatre studios' etc. The following art forms can be found in and around Yogyakarta: Karawitan, Langen Mandra Wanara, Kethoprak, Wayang Kulit, Wayang Golek, Jathilan, and many others.

Leather Puppet Play (Wayang Kulit)
Wayang in its original form of shadow play appears to be a Javanese creation, which contains several aspects of Javanese culture. This Wayang or shadow play came into existence long before the arrival of Hindu culture. During the Neoliticum period, wayang performance at first consisted of religious ceremonies, which took place at night in connection with the worship of Hyang. These performances depicted heroism of the ancestor from the mythology.

Accompanying the shadow puppet performance is the gamelan. The puppets of the shadow play are made from polished and gilded hide from water buffalo or cow. Shadow play performances have become a national culture heritage, even known abroad. Many foreigners study the art of shadow puppeteering usual presented by the local inhabitant and held on the specified ceremonies i.e. the great harvest celebration, wedding party, "bersih desa" means thanks to the blessing of the God and others ritual or traditional event.

Wooden Puppet Play (Wayang Golek Tengul)
These wooden puppets are 3 dimensional dolls. This form of puppet theatre is well liked, because of the movements, which resemble those of human beings. The wooden puppets are dressed in colourful costume in order to enchant the viewer.

The Royal Classical Dance
Sultan's Palace since a long time declared as the centre of the art and culture in particularly the art of dancing and traditional music (Karawitan).

The Royal Dance is still exists colouring Yogyakarta at the present time. New versions of Yogyanese dance are based on the Royal dance. Some of the royal dance is believed as the sacred dance and implicated supernatural power when its playing on the stage.

Therefore the sacred royal dance just performs within the court on the special event or ritual ceremonies, such as to commemorate the anniversary of Sultan (tingalan dalem), the crowned of Sultan (jumenengan dalem), wedding party of Sultan's family, official or formal ceremonies and others. Ordinary royal dance rehearsals are practiced regularly on Sunday mornings taking place within the court, and are open for public viewing.

Ramayana Ballet
Ramayana ballet at present time is a popular performance in Yogyakarta. This dance based on the Ramayana story, the epic of Hindu. The performance telling about the story of Rama, the crown-prince of Ayodya and his wife Shinta when they were wandering in the forest by command of the King.

Usually the Ramayana ballet consists of 4 episodes, beginning to the abduction of Shinta, The burning of Hanoman, the death of Kumbokarno and ended by The holy fire of Shinta.

Wayang Kulit (Leather Puppet Shadow Play)

  • Agastya Art Institute - School for Narrators
    Jl. Gedung Kiwo MJ I/996, performed every day except Saturday from 15.00 pm to 17.00 pm.
  • Ambar Budaya (Dewi Sri) - Yogyakarta Craft Centre
    Jl. Adisucipto, performed everyday from 20.00 to 21.30.
  • Sasana Hinggil - South Palace Square (Alun-Alun Selatan),
    performed every second Saturday of the month from 21.00 pm to 05.00 am.
  • Sono Budoyo Archaeological Museum,
    Jl. Trikora, performed everyday from 20.00 pm to 22.00 pm.

Wayang Golek (Wooden Puppets)
  • Agastya Art Institute - School for Narrators
    Jl. Gedung Kiwo MJ I/996, performed every Saturday from 15.00 pm to 17.00 pm.
  • Nitour Inc.,
    Jl. K.H.A. Dahlan 71, performed everyday except Sunday from 11.00 am to 13.00 pm.

Ramayana Ballet
  • Cultural programmes at Hotel Ambarukmo at Borobudur Restaurant (7th floor), every night.
  • At Dalem Pudjokusuman,
    every Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 8.00 pm to 10.00 pm.
  • Ramayana open air Theatre- Prambanan-Yogyakarta
    19.00-21.00, performed on moonlight; May-October
  • Trimurti Theatre Prambanan-Yogyakarta 19.30-21.30, performed every Monday, Wednesday and Thursday.
  • Pariwisata Open Theatre
    Jl. Brigjen Katamso Yk
    20.00-22.00, performed every night
Gamelan Orchestra at Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Palace
The palace court with its grand and elegant Javanese architecture lies in the centre of the city between the Winongo and Code Rivers. The palace grounds, courtyards and buildings stretch from north to south, in line with Mount Merapi.
The palace today retains the atmosphere of a bygone era through the installations of life-size wedding and palace meeting dioramas, traditional Javanese gamelan orchestras, antiques and heirlooms that adorn the royal buildings.

Labuhan Ceremony at Parang Tritis
Parang Tritis is famous in Javanese mythology as the home of the A popular seaside resort 27 kms south of Yogyakarta on the Indian Ocean, Goddess of the South Seas, who was married to Panembahan Senopati, founder of the Mataram Kingdom. Every year the sultans of Yogyakarta make special offerings to her in a beachside ceremony called "Labuhan".

Old Gamelan Instrument and Textiles at Museum Sonobudoyo
This museum, founded in November 1935 and designed by the Dutch architect Kersten, is built in the traditional Javanese style of architecture. On exhibit are weapons, leather and wooden puppets of wayang theatre, masks, statues, textiles, curios and old Javanese gamelan instruments. The museum is situated on the northern side of the city's main square in front of the Sultan's Palace. Open everyday except Mondays.
 


Silverware at Kotagede
Kotagede, a picturesque town about five-kilometre Southeast of Yogyakarta, was once the seat of the mighty Mataram Empire. Since the 1930s Kotagede has become famous as the centre of the Yogya silverware industry. There are a number of workshops where visitors are welcome to watch the famous silversmiths at work.

Kotagede is easily reached by four-wheeled horsedrawn cart, taxi, bus, or car.

Regular Cultural Performances in Yogyakarta
I. YOGYANESE CLASSICAL DANCE REHEARSALS

1. SULTAN PALACE
10.30 - 12.00 ON SUNDAY
The Kraton Classical Dance School.

II. GAMELAN TRADITIONAL MUSIC REHEARSALS

1. SULTAN PALACE
10.30- 12.00
On MONDAY and WEDNESDAY

III. LEATHER PUPPET SHADOW PLAY (Wayang Kulit)

1. AGASTYA Art Institute - School for narrators
Jl. Gedongkiwo MJ I/996 Yogyakarta
15.00 - 17.00 performed EVERYDAY except SATURDAY

AMBAR BUDAYA (DEWI SRI) –Yogyakarta Craft Centre
Jl. Adisucipto, Ambarrukmo - Yogyakarta
20.00 - 21.30 performed EVERYNIGHT

SASANA HINGGIL
South Palace Square (Alun-alun Selatan)
Yogyakarta
21.00 - 05.30 performed every SECOND SATURDAY of the month.

SONOBUDOYO
Archaelogical Museum
Jl. Trikora - Yogyakarta
20.00 - 22.00 performed EVERYNIGHT



SOUVENIR & ART SHOPS
Sapto Hudoyo Art Gallery
JL. Adisucipto Km. 9, Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 587443
Ardjuna Widjaya Kusuma Batik
JL. Magelang Km. 5.8 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 587777
Amri Gallery
JL. Gampingan 67 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 515135, 564505
Yogya Craft Centre
JL. Adisucipto Km.5 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 514526
Yani's Gallery
JL. Kemasan 178 Kotagede,
Yogyakarta
SILVER WORKS
Kabul Gallery
JL. Timoho 29-A Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 515397, 5163751
Keboan, Kotagede
Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 512063
BATIK
MAHKOTA BATIK
Jl. Jend. Urip Sumoharjo No. 48 Yogyakarta
Phone: 0274- 575779
AMRY GALLERY
Jl. Gampingan No. 67, Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 515135
Fax: (0274) 515135
BATIK KERIS
Jl. Ahmad Yani No. 104 Yogyakarta
Phone: 0274 - 512492
GUNUNG BATIK
Jl. Magelang No. 13 Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 516489
BATIK RORO JONGGRANG
Jl. Tirtodipuran No. 6 A/18 Yogyakarta
Phone: 0274- 512209, 588653
SILVERWARE
M.D. SlLVER WORK
Jl. Kehoan No. Kotagede Yogyakarta
Phone: 0274 - 515323
SILVER WORK & ART SHOP
Jl. Kemangan No. 69 Kotagede. Yogyakarta
Phone: 0274 - 561877
NARTI'S SILVER
Jl. Tegal Gendu No. 22. Kotagede. Yogyakarta
SRI MOELJO'S SILVER
Jl. Menteri Supeno No. Yogyakarta
Phone: 0274 - 588042
PADMA'S SILVER
Jl. Kemasan No. Kotagede Yogyakarta
ART SHOPS
AMIE SILVER
Jl. Kemasan No. 5 Kotagede, Yogyakarta
Phone: 0274- 371489
ARJUNA ART SHOP
Jl. Ambarrukmo No. 119, Yogyakarta
SAPTO HUDOYO ART GALLERY
Jl. Solo Km. I0 No. Yogyakarta
Phone: 0274 - 387443.566366
YOGYAKARTA CRAFT CENTRE
Jl. Marsda Adisucipto Yogyakarta
DIAMOND ART SHOP
Jl. Ambarrukmo No. 112. Yogyakarta
SHOPPING CENTRES AND SUPERMARKETS
MALIOBORO MALL
Maliohoro Shopping Area Yogyakarta
MIROTA KAMPUS
Jl. C. Simanjuntak No. Yogyakarta
GALLERIA SUPER MARKET
11. Jend. Sudirman No. 99 - 101, Yogyakarta
Phone: 0274 - 561921
GOLDEN KAMPUS
Jl. C. Simanjuntak No. Yogyakarta
MATAHARI DEPT. STORE
Malioboro Shopping Area Yogyakarta
GOLF COURSES
Adisucipto Golf Club
Lapangan Udara Adisucipto
Bantul
Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 560702
Merapi Golf and Mountain Resort
Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 896176
Hyatt Regency
Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
Phone: (0274) 869123


Attractions

Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat Palace
The palace court with its grand and elegant Javanese architecture lies in the centre of the city between the Winongo and Code Rivers. The palace grounds, courtyards and buildings stretch from north to south, in line with Mount Merapi.
The palace today retains the atmosphere of a bygone era through the installations of life-size wedding and palace meeting dioramas, traditional Javanese gamelan orchestras, antiques and heirlooms that adorn the royal buildings.

Water Castle
Just west of the kraton, are the ruins, pools, arches and underground passages of the former pleasure gardens, the Water Castle. Built in 1758 by Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, the central courtyard with the nymph-baths has been restored. The Water Castle is located in the old part of the city within walking distance from the Bird Market. A number of batik workshops line the avenue leading to the pleasure garden's entrance.

Prambanan Temple
This magnificent Hindu temple derives it name from the village where it is located, seventeen kilometres east of Yogyakarta. Locally known as the Loro Jongrang Temple, or the Temple of the Slender Virgin, it is the most magnificent and beautiful Hindu temple in Indonesia. Prambanan is believed to have been built by King Balitung Maha Sambu in the middle of the ninth century. Its parapets are adorned with bas-relief depicting the famous Ramayana story. It has eight shrines; the three main ones are dedicated to Shiva, Wishnu and Brahma. The main temple of Shiva rises to a height of 130 feet and houses the magnificent statue of Shiva's consort, Durga. The Ramayana ballet is performed on an open-air stage during the full moon in the months from May to October.

Kalasan Temple
This unique Buddhist temple is located some 16 km east of Yogyakarta, on the south side of the main road between Yogyakarta and Solo. It was built in honour of the marriage between king Pancapana of the Sanjaya Dynasty and a Princess of the Cailendra Dynasty, Dyah Pramudya Wardhani. It is elaborately ornate, with finely carved relief’s preserved with "vajralepa", from the sap of a local tree.

Museum Sonobudoyo
This museum, founded in November 1935 and designed by the Dutch architect Kersten, built in the traditional Javanese style of architecture. On exhibit are weapons, leather and wooden puppets of wayang theatre, masks, statues, textiles, curios and old Javanese gamelan instruments. The museum is situated on the northern side of the city's main square in front of the Sultan's Palace. Open everyday except Mondays.

Affandi Museum
Set in a lush garden off the main road between the airport and the city stands the Affandi Museum. Affandi was Indonesia's foremost impressionist painter who built a private museum for his own paintings and of those of his daughter Kartika.

Parang Tritis Beach
Parang Tritis is famous in Javanese mythology as the home of the a popular seaside resort 27 kms south of Yogyakarta on the Indian Ocean, Goddess of the South Seas, who was married to Panembahan Senopati, founder of the Mataram Kingdom. Every year the sultans of Yogyakarta make special offerings to her in a beachside ceremony called Labuhan".



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